How to set up hotlink protection

cPanel

The normal practice of adding website files is to upload and store them directly on the server your account is hosted on, or to pay for special image/file hosting and link to it. Hotlinking is a direct linking to another website’s files. In other words, it is used to display images, video, etc. on one’s website by actually loading them from someone else’s website, consuming hosting account bandwidth of the latter.

For regular small or medium websites, this might not be an issue, but if you have an image-heavy site and there is a lot of hotlinking going on, you can end up exceeding your monthly bandwidth limit and be charged additional fees. So in terms of account resource usage optimization, it makes sense to prohibit hotlinking.

You can do this using the Hotlink Protection tool in cPanel. The steps are as follows: 

1. Log into your cPanel
      2. Select the Hotlink Protection option in the Security section:

 

3. Turn on Hotlink protection by clicking on Enable:



URLs to allow access – indicate websites which you wish to allow access to your files. These may be your own websites or some other trusted online resources. By default, cPanel adds all domains hosted in the account to this box, however, this list can be edited if required. 

Block direct access for these extensions – specify the file types you wish to block access to. 

You need to check the Allow direct requests box if you want visitors to be able to check a protected file by typing its URL directly in the browser. 

In the Redirect request to this URL text box, you can optionally type a URL everyone who tries to hotlink to your files will be redirected to. 

If you are in need of raw .htaccess rules to block hotlinking, you can use this online tool

NOTE: There are some disadvantages of having hotlink protection enabled. For instance, you may have trouble displaying your images in your RSS feeds or email newsletters (adding the domain of your RSS or newsletter provider to your list of allowed URLs may help). Be sure to weigh the pros and cons of this feature before enabling it.